Double Loop Learning

Double loop learning is a learning process that goes beyond surface level goals, techniques, and responses to target the  assumptions and values underlying the system. The idea is to enable solutions to problems that are complex and ill-structured. Argyris and Schön, who developed and elaborated… Read More »Double Loop Learning

The Iceberg Model

The iceberg model is a valuable tool to encourage systemic thinking. It helps you contextualize an issue as part of a whole system. By asking you to connect an event–a single incident or occurrence–to patterns of behavior, systems structures, and mental models, the iceberg allows you to see the structures underlying the… Read More »The Iceberg Model

Archimedes Bath

We all know the story of Archimedes in his bath.  His theory helps us to understand cause and effect. The bathtub theory is a useful mental model when thinking about issues like economics and climate change.     For example, check out this simulation from Climate… Read More »Archimedes Bath